Influence of Hostility on 24-Hour Diastolic Blood Pressure Load in Hypertension Patients with Depressive Disorders
Feihuan Cui, Na Zhang, Jin Yi, Yulan Liang, Qi Liu
Department of Psychology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e929710
Hostility in hypertension patients combined with depressive disorders indicates a worse outcome for hypertension management. This study was designed to explore the influence of hostility on 24-h diastolic blood pressure in hypertension patients who also had depressive disorders.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 130 people with primary hypertension and depressive disorders were collected through unstructured psychiatric interview by a professional psychiatrist and ambulatory blood pressure monitor in this cross-sectional study. During the study, dynamic blood pressure was examined for 24 h by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the hostility level. Hostility was defined by hostile factors of the Symptom Checklist 90. The association between hostility and 24-h dynamic blood pressure was analyzed by multivariable logistic regression.
RESULTS: 30.8% (40 of 130) patients had a high level of 24-h dynamic blood pressure load (>30%), in which 14.6% was for male and 16.2% for female respectively. In male, the proportion of high 24 h DBP load (>30%) in highest hostility group was greater than that of low hostility group and median hostility group significantly (p=0.03). No significant differences were revealed among 3 groups in female. The age-adjusted odds-ratio (OR) 95% confidence interval of diastolic blood pressure across the categories of hostility were: in males, 1.44 (0.60, 3.47) (1 for reference), and in females, 5.86 (0.58, 59.06) (P for trend=0.04).
CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that hostility may be a risk factor for increased 24-h diastolic blood pressure in hypertension patients who also have depressive disorders, especially in males. The clinical meaning of the study is that hypertension management should contain psychological interventions for better effects.
Keywords: Blood Pressure, Depression, Hostility, Hypertension