Published: 2015-11-28

Effects of a Stroke Primary Prevention Program on Risk Factors for At-Home Elderly

Mi Yang Jeon, HyeonCheol Jeong

(Department of Nursing, Institute of Health Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, South Korea)

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3696-3703

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895519

BACKGROUND: To prevent stroke from occurring, stroke risk factors in at-risk subjects should be controlled and the diseases causing stroke should be managed. This study evaluated a nursing intervention to prevent stroke in at-risk elderly living at home. The program consisted of stroke and nutrition education as well as exercise guidance.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study targeted 93 elderly people living at home residing in E province with 1 or more stroke risk factors, including high blood pressure, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, obesity, smoking, or drinking alcohol. The 12-week program included a stroke education class once a week, a nutrition management class once a week, and exercise guidance 3 times a week. Each session lasted 50–70 min. Each disease education and nutrition management session lasted for 20 min and each exercise session lasted for 30–50 min.
RESULTS: The experimental group’s body mass index (BMI) (t=8.27, p<.001), systolic blood pressure (t=2.39, p=.021), fasting blood sugar (t=0.39, p=.700), total cholesterol (t=4.18, p<.001), triglyceride levels (t=2.50, p=.016), and depression scores (t=5.48, p<.001) were significantly reduced and high-density phospholipid protein levels increased significantly by the end of the program (t=–2.94, p=.005).
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of this study, participating in a stroke prevention pro... read more

Keywords: Exercise, Frail Elderly, Home Health Aides, Risk Factors, Stroke

Published: 2015-11-28

Elevated Plasma P-Selectin Autoantibodies in Primary Sjögren Syndrome Patients with Thrombocytopenia

Ya-Hui Hu, Peng-Fei Zhou, Guang-Feng Long, Xin Tian, Yu-Fan Guo, Ai-Ming Pang, Ran Di, Yan-Na Shen, Yun-De Liu, Yu-Jie Cui

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3690-3695

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895144

Published: 2015-11-27

Prevention and Treatment of Life-Threatening Bleeding After Thyroid Surgery

Xiwei Zhang, Changming An, Jie Liu, Zhengjiang Li, Pingzhang Tang, Zhengang Xu

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3682-3689

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895650