Plant-Animal Research Competition

Four Awards ($1,500 each) + publication expenses

We are announcing a competition for external investigator reports dealing with plant-animal communications, which influence animal/human tissues. Eligible studies can vary in their methodology, but state-of-the-art research submissions are encouraged.

Awards Guidelines and Program:
  1. Four Awards granted ($1,500 each) + reimbursement of publication expenses
  2. All reports prepared according to... read more

Published: 2014-10-31

Serum γ-Glutamyltransferase Level is Associated with Periodontal Disease Independent of Drinking Habits in Japanese Adults

Toyoko Morita, Yoji Yamazaki, Chika Fujiharu, Takanori Ishii, Misae Seto, Norihide Nishinoue, Yoshiyuki Sasaki, Takayuki Kawato, Masafumi Motohashi, Masao Maeno

(Dental Health, The Lion Foundation, Tokyo, Japan)

Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:2109-2116

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.891204

Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is considered a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome. Periodontal disease is a mild chronic inflammatory disease with systemic effects, and many studies have indicated an association between metabolic syndrome and periodontitis. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between periodontitis and liver biochemical parameters according to alcohol drinking habits through a cross-sectional study based on data from Japanese people in occupational settings.
Material and Methods: The subjects were 1510 employees (1218 males, 292 females, mean age 50.4 years) who underwent dental and medical checkups in 2012. Associations between the presence of periodontal pockets and serum levels of liver biochemical parameters were assessed.
Results: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) levels were higher in subjects with than without periodontal pockets. Multiple logistic regression analysis (adjusting for age, gender, cigarette smoking, and alcohol drinking habits, and components of metabolic syndrome) with GGT or ALT as the dependent variable revealed that there was a significant association between periodontal pockets and GGT (odds ratio, OR=1.48), but not ALT. Similar associations were observed when an analysis was performed according to the presence or absence of alcohol drinking habits; the OR was higher in subjects without (OR=1.84) than with drinking habits (OR=1.41).
Conclusions: The presence of periodontal pockets was associated with serum levels of GGT, a liver biochemical parameter, in Japanese adults with no drinking habit, suggesting tha... read more

Keywords: Cross-Sectional Studies, gamma-Glutamyltransferase, Liver Function Tests, periodontal diseases

Published: 2014-10-31

Blocking HIF-1α Following Radiotherapy to Prolong and Enhance the Immune Effects of Radiotherapy: A Hypo...

Luo Wei, Ge Wei, Song Jin, Chen Cong, Xu Huilin, Ming Pingpo

Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:2106-2108

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.891048

Published: 2014-10-30

Cord Blood C-peptide, Insulin, HbA1c, and Lipids Levels in Small- and Large-for-Gestational-Age Newborns

Ruo-Lin Hou, Wen-Yuan Jin, Xiao-Yang Chen, Yan Jin, Xiu-Min Wang, Jie Shao, Zheng-Yan Zhao

Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:2097-2105

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.890929