Published: 2015-04-19

Glutamine Provides Effective Protection Against Deltamethrin-Induced Acute Hepatotoxicity in Rats But Not Against Nephrotoxicity

Ercan Gündüz, Burak Veli Ülger, İbrahim İbiloğlu, Aysun Ekinci, Recep Dursun, Yılmaz Zengin, Mustafa İçer, Ömer Uslukaya, Cenap Ekinci, Cahfer Güloğlu

(Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey)

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:1107-1114

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.893180

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of L-glutamine (GLN) against liver and kidney injury caused by acute toxicity of deltamethrin (DLM).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two rats were indiscriminately separated into 4 groups with 8 rats each: control group (distilled water; 10 ml/kg, perorally [p.o.]), DLM group (35 mg/kg p.o. one dose.), GLN group (1.5 gr/kg, p.o. single dose.) and DLM (35 mg/kg p.o. one dose.) + GLN group (1.5 gr/kg, p.o. one dose after 4 hours.). Testing for total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) analyses were performed on tissue samples, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), urea, and creatinine were analyzed on serum samples. Liver and kidney samples were histopathologically analyzed.
RESULTS: The TOS level in liver was significantly higher in the DLM group than in the control group, and the level in DLM+GLN group was considerably lower than in the DLM group. The TAS level in the DLM+GLN group was considerably higher than in the control and DLM groups. The TAS level in kidney tissues was considerably lower in the DLM group than in controls, but was similar to other groups. Histopathological analyses of liver tissues established a significant difference between DLM and DLM+GLN groups in terms of grade 2 hepatic injury. However, no significant difference was found between DLM and DLM+GLN groups in terms of kidney injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Glutamine leads to significant improvement in deltamethrin-induced acute h... read more

Keywords: acute kidney injury, drug-induced liver injury, Glutamic Acid, Oxidative Stress

Published: 2015-04-18

Association of Polymorphisms in Toll-Like Receptors 4 and 9 with Risk of Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Meta-A...

Lianli Zhao, Kehun Liu, Xiangjun Kong, Zhenxia Tao, Yanxia Wang, Ying Liu

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:1097-1106

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.893755

Published: 2015-04-17

Renal Perfusion Index Reflects Cardiac Systolic Function in Chronic Cardio-Renal Syndrome

Arkadiusz Lubas, Robert Ryczek, Grzegorz Kade, Stanisław Niemczyk

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:1089-1096

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.892630