eISSN: 1643-3750


Published: 2016-06-27

Association Between Gene Polymorphisms on Chromosome 1 and Susceptibility to Pre-Eclampsia: An Updated Meta-Analysis

Guixin Zhang, Jinheng Zhao, Jianping Yi, Yuanyuan Luan, Qian Wang

(The Hospital of Maternal and Child Health of Tangshan, Tangshan, Hebei, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:2202-2214

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.896552

BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis enabled us to obtain a precise estimation of the association between gene polymorphisms on chromosome 1 (MTHFR, AGT, F5, IL-10, LEPR) and the susceptibility to pre-eclampsia (PE) in order to reach a uniform conclusion.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochran Library (CENTRAL), and Chinese databases (Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure-CNKI and Wan Fang) were electronically searched to select relevant studies for this meta-analysis. We selected 95 case-control studies investigating 5 genes (MTHFR, AGT, F5, IL-10, and LEPR) with 8 SNPs. Odds ratios (OR) with their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used for estimating the association.
RESULTS: A total of 16 646 PE patients and 28 901 normal-pregnancy patients were included in this meta-analysis. The overall results suggested that rs1801133 of MTHFR (OR=1.17, 95% CI: 1.05–1.13) and rs6025 of F5 (OR=1.53, 95%CI: 1.07–2.20) are significantly associated with PE, whereas rs1801131 of MTHFR, rs699 and rs4762 of AGT, rs1800896 and rs1800871 of IL-10, and rs1137101 of LEPR have no significant association with PE. Subgroup analysis by ethnicity revealed that, except for MTHFR rs1801133 and F5 rs6025 in Caucasians, which were significantly associated with an increased risk of PE, none of these SNPs were significantly associated with PE. As suggested by a symmetric funnel plot in conjunction with the Egger’s test, ... read more

Keywords: Meta-Analysis as Topic, Polymorphism, Genetic, Pre-Eclampsia

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