Published: 2015-11-27

Association of Retinoid X Receptor Alpha Gene Polymorphism with Clinical Course of Chronic Glomerulonephritis

Alicja E. Grzegorzewska, Grzegorz Ostromecki, Paulina Zielińska, Adrianna Mostowska, Zofia Niemir, Magdalena Polcyn-Adamczak, Magdalena Pawlik, Anna Sowińska, Paweł P. Jagodziński

(Department of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal Diseases, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland)

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3671-3681

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895249

BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (VD), VD binding protein, VD receptor (VDR), and retinoids are involved in pathogenesis of chronic glomerulonephritis (ChGN). We aimed to compare distribution of VD pathway gene polymorphisms in ChGN patients showing glomerular filtration rate (GFR) category 1-3, GFR category 5D, and healthy controls in order to elucidate the role of VD-related polymorphisms in the course of ChGN.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: GFR category 1–3 ChGN patients (n=195), GFR category 5D ChGN patients (n=178), and controls (n=751) underwent testing for polymorphisms of genes encoding VD binding protein (GC, rs2298849, rs7041, rs1155563), VDR (VDR, rs2228570, rs1544410), and retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRA, rs10776909, rs10881578, rs749759).
RESULTS: Among GFR 1–3 subjects possessing TT genotype of RXRA rs10776909, 75% of patients had nephrotic syndrome, and 37.5% had glomerular hyperfiltration defined as GFR >140 ml/min/1.73 m2, and, consequently, serum creatinine was lower in these patients compared to the remaining subjects (0.67±0.26 vs. 0.94±0.34, P=0.014). In GFR category 5D ChGN patients, frequencies of RXRA rs10776909 allele T (25% vs. 19%) and CT+TT (46% vs. 34%) were higher compared to frequencies of respective variants in controls (Ptrend=0.004, Pgenotype=0.008).
CONCLUSIONS: RXRA rs10776909 allele T is specifically involved in the pathogenesis of ChGN. This risk allele may be also associated with worse clinical course of ChGN.

Keywords: Glomerulonephritis, Kidney Failure, Chronic, Retinoid X Receptor alpha, Vitamin D

Published: 2015-11-26

Fluoride Exposure Effects and Dental Fluorosis in Children in Mexico City

Nelly Molina-Frechero, Enrique Gaona, Marina Angulo, Leonor Sánchez Pérez, Rogelio González González, Martina Nevarez Rascón, Ronell Bologna-Molina

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3664-3670

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895351

Published: 2015-11-26

Association Between Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) in miR-146a, miR-196a2, and miR-499 and Risk of ...

Jie Zhu, Hongsheng Yue, ChuanWu Qiao, Yun Li

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3658-3663

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895233