Karol J. Szyluk, Andrzej Jasiński, Michał Mielnik, Bogdan Koczy
(Department of Hand Surgery, District Hospital of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Piekary Śląskie, Poland)
Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:3967-3974
The incidence of shoulder joint dislocation has been estimated at 11–26 per 100 000 population per year. In our opinion, basic epidemiological data need to be continually updated in studies of large populations.
To study the incidence of posttraumatic dislocation of the shoulder joint in the Polish population.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the entire Polish population between 1 January 2010 and 1 January 2015. To identify the study group, data collected in the electronic database of the National Health Fund were used. The study group was divided into subgroups to detect possible differences in the incidence of shoulder dislocation with regard to age, sex, and season of the year (month) when the dislocation occurred.
RESULTS: The cumulative size of the study sample was 192.72 million over the 5 years of the study. We identified 51 409 patients with first posttraumatic shoulder dislocation, at a mean age of 50.83 years (SD 21.12), from 0 to 104 years. The incidence of traumatic shoulder dislocations for the entire study group ranged from 24.75/100 000/year (number of posttraumatic shoulder dislocations per 100 000 persons per year) to 29.09/100 000/year, for a mean of 26.69/100 000/year.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the overall incidence of first-time posttraumatic shoulder dislocations in the Polish general population was 26.69 per 100 000 persons per year. These results are higher than estimates presented by other authors. It is necessary to study, regularly update, and monitor this problem in the general population.
Keywords: Incidence, Shoulder Dislocation, Shoulder Joint