eISSN: 1643-3750

Logo




Get your full text copy in PDF

Primary resistance to docetaxel-based chemotherapy in metastatic breast cancer patients correlates with a high frequency of BRCA1 mutations

Piotr J Wysocki, Konstanty Korski, Katarzyna Lamperska, Jerzy Zaluski, Andrzej Mackiewicz

Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(7): SC7-10

ID: 863649


Background: Docetaxel is a member of the taxoid anticancer agents routinely used in the treatment of high-risk or metastatic breast cancer. A recent study demonstrated that a low response rate to taxane-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy is associated with BRCA1 mutations. Therefore the frequency of BRCA1 mutations in a population of metastatic docetaxel-refractory patients was analyzed.
Material and Method: Nineteen treatment-refractory patients were selected from a group of 175 metastatic breast cancer patients treated with docetaxel-based therapy. DNA isolated from blood or from paraffin-embedded tissue samples was screened for three founder mutations common (>80%) in the Polish population. Additionally, the frequency of BRCA1 mutations was compared with the particular phenotype of breast cancer cells.
Results: BRCA1 mutations were found in 5 of the 19 of patients (26.3%), all 5 being of the 7 patients with triple-negative breast cancer (71%, p<0.002).
Conclusions: This study indicates that the administration of taxanes, especially docetaxel, to metastatic BRCA1 breast cancer patients requires consideration. Moreover, BRCA1 testing in triple-negative breast cancer patients resistant to docetaxel-based treatment may help to identify families with germinal mutations without a history of hereditary breast cancer.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree