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eISSN: 1643-3750

Accuracy of Multi-Slice Spiral Computed Tomography for Preoperative Tumor Node Metastasis (TNM) Staging of Colorectal Carcinoma

Rong-jie Bai, Shao-hua Ren, Hui-jie Jiang, Jin-ping Li, Xiao-cheng Liu, Li-ming Xue

(Department of Radiology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:3470-3479

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.902649

Published: 2017-07-17

BACKGROUND: With the advances in imaging technologies, multi-slice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) has demonstrated superiority in the diagnosis and staging of colorectal carcinoma. In the current study, preoperative TNM staging of colorectal carcinoma by using MSCT was conducted and compared with the corresponding postoperative pathological examination findings, in order to evaluate the accuracy of preoperative MSCT for TNM staging.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Combinations of biphasic or triphasic enhanced-phase MSCT scans were obtained for 76 patients with colorectal carcinoma, and the TNM stage was determined based on imaging reconstruction from various angles and perspectives to display the size, location, and affected range of tumors. The preoperative TNM stage was compared with the postoperative pathological stage, and the consistency between the 2 methods was tested by the k test using SPSS 17.0 software.
RESULTS: Among the different combinations of enhanced-phase MSCT scanning, triphasic MSCT imaging, comprising the arterial, portal venous, and delayed phases, showed the highest accuracy rates, at 81.6% (62/76), 82.89% (63/76), and 96.1% (73/76) for T, N, and M staging, respectively, with k values of 0.72, 0.65, and 0.56, respectively, indicating consistency with the postoperative pathological staging.
CONCLUSIONS: Combined MSCT scanning comprising the arterial phase, portal venous phase, and delayed phase showed satisfying consistency with the postoperative pathological analysis results for TNM staging of colorectal carcinoma. Thus, MSCT is an important clinical value for improving the accuracy of TNM staging and for planning the appropriate colorectal cancer treatment.

Keywords: Colorectal Neoplasms, Neoplasm Staging, Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed