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Diagnosis of Congenital Coarctation of the Aorta and Accompany Malformations in Infants by Multi-Detector Computed Tomography Angiography and Transthoracic Echocardiography: A Chinese Clinical Study

Fang Huang, Qiang Chen, Wen-han Huang, Hong Wu, Wei-cheng Li, Qing-quan Lai

(Department of Radiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou, Fujian, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:2308-2314

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.901928

Published: 2017-05-16

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in the diagnosis of congenital coarctation of the aorta (CoA) and accompanying malformations in infants.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2012 and December 2015, we enrolled 68 infants with clinically suspected CoA who underwent MDCT angiography and TTE in our hospital. Surgical correction was conducted to confirm the diagnostic accuracy of both examinations in all patients.
RESULTS: In this study, the diagnosis of CoA was confirmed infants by surgical results in 55 of 68 infants. The diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of MDCT angiography were 95.6%, 96.4%, and 92.3%, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of TTE were 88.2%, 90.9%, and 76.9%, respectively. There was no significant difference in diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity between MDCT angiography and TTE (χ²=2.473, p>0.05, χ²=1.373, p>0.05 and χ²=1.182, p>0.05, respectively). In the diagnosis of concomitant cardiac abnormalities with CoA, the 2 methods also play different roles.
CONCLUSIONS: MDCT angiography and TTE play different roles in the diagnosis of CoA and accompany malformations. MDCT angiography in the diagnosis of the extra-cardiac vascular malformations is better than TTE, and TTE is superior to MDCT angiography in diagnosing intracardiac malformation. Combined MDCT angiography and TTE is a relatively valuable, reliable, and noninvasive method in the diagnosis of CoA and accompany malformations in infants.

Keywords: Aortic Coarctation, Echocardiography, Doppler, multidetector computed tomography