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eISSN: 1643-3750

A Non-Targeted Liquid Chromatographic-Mass Spectrometric Metabolomics Approach for Association with Coronary Artery Disease: An Identification of Biomarkers for Depiction of Underlying Biological Mechanisms

Xian-Zhao Zhang, Su-Xia Zheng, Ya-Min Hou

(Department of Cardiology, Linyi People’s Hospital of Shandong Province, Linyi, Shandong, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:613-622

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.896298

Published: 2017-02-02

BACKGROUND: We performed non-targeted metabolomics analysis using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled technique to explore the biological mechanism of coronary artery disease (CAD) events for improved prediction.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied the association of CAD events in 4092 individuals and observed the replication of sphingomyelin (28:1), lysophosphatidylcholine (18:2), lysophosphatidylcholine (18:1), and monoglyceride (18:2), which were independent of main CAD risk factors.
RESULTS: We found that these 4 metabolites were responsible for traditional risk factors and also contributed to the modifications related to reclassification and discrimination. Monoglycerides (MonoGs) were positively associated with C-reactive proteins and body mass index, while lysophosphatidylcholines (LPPCs), which had less evidence of subclinical CAD in an additional 1010 participants, yielded a reverse pattern. An association between monoGs and CAD independence of triglycerides (triGs) were also observed. On the basis of Mendelian randomization analysis, we observed a positive but weak irregular effect (odds ratio per unit increase in standard deviation in monoG=1.11, P-value=0.05) on CAD.
CONCLUSIONS: Our work establishes the relationship of metabolome with coronary artery disease and explains the biological mechanism of CAD events, as we identified the above-mentioned metabolites along with the evidence supporting their clinical use.

Keywords: C-Reactive Protein - metabolism, Biomarkers - blood, Aged, Chromatography, Liquid - methods, Coronary Artery Disease - blood, Female, Humans, Lysophosphatidylcholines - blood, Male