Aislu M Mardanova, Evgeniya A Sokolova, Margarita R Sharipova, Leila A Gabdrakhmanova, Nelly P Balaban, Galina N Rudenskaya, Inna B Leshchinskaya
Med Sci Monit 2002; 8(5): BR168-171
BACKGROUND: Proteinases are widely used in various fields of medicine,such as the treatment of burns, purulent wounds, or decubitus ulcers. On the basis of new microbial proteinasesproduced by nonpathogenic organisms, a new generation of medical preparations can be developed. Representativesof the Bacillus genera are nonpathogenic and are suitable for producing various proteases in large quantities.B. intermedius is shown to produce a set of alkaline proteases at the early and late stationary phaseof growth. MATERIAL/METHODS: The activity of alkaline proteinases was determined using synthetic chromogenoussubstrates Z-Glu-pNA and Z-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA. To determine beta-galactosidase activity, 2-nitro-beta-D-galactopyranosidwas used. Spores were calculated by phase-contrast microscopy. RESULTS: During the late stages of sporulationB. intermedius 3-19 cells were shown to secrete two proteinases into the medium: glutamyl endopeptidase,with maximum activity at 40 hours of growth, and subtilisin, with maximum activity at 44 hours of growth.Evidence for the secretion of these enzymes into the medium was provided by measuring beta-galactosidaseactivity. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that proteinases from B. intermedius (glutamyl endopeptidase2 and subtilisin 2) in the late stationary phase of growth are secreted enzymes. This suggests that theseenzymes play a role in sporulation.
Keywords: Bacillus, Endopeptidases, Microscopy, Phase-Contrast, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov, Serine Endopeptidases, Spores, Bacterial, Time Factors, beta-Galactosidase